A taxable payment declared by a company's board of directors and given to its shareholders out of the company's current or retained earnings, usually quarterly. Dividends are usually given as cash (cash dividend), but they can also take the form of stock (stock dividend) or other property. Dividends provide an incentive to own stock in stable companies even if they are not experiencing much growth. Companies are not required to pay dividends. The companies that offer dividends are most often companies that have progressed beyond the growth phase, and no longer benefit sufficiently by reinvesting their profits, so they usually choose to pay them out to their shareholders.
also called payout.

Use dividend in a sentence

The company posted strong sales over the last fiscal year, leading them to vastly increase the dividend which it pays to its shareholders.

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The dividend was possibly going to be discontinued but it was the stockholders who may be upset by this so we reconsidered.

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My boss could not find a way to spend all the profits my company earned, so he decided to distribute those to shareholders as a dividend.

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