Per stirpes (which is Latin for "per branch") specifies that each branch of the deceased person's family receives an equal share of the estate, regardless of how many people are in that branch.
For example, if A and B are the children of the deceased, but B is also deceased leaving children C, D, E, F and G (the grandchildren of the original person), then A would receive one half of the estate and each of B's 5 children would receive one-tenth of the estate (essentially, they are dividing B's half).
Per stirpes is different from per capita, because per capita weighs each person equally, rather than each branch equally.
Use per stirpes in a sentence
“ You may want to have a per stirpes in your will so that you know everything will be divied up the way you want. ”
“ I didn't even want to think about the per stirpes process because I really cared about the person when they were here. ”
“ To make sure that the inheritance was fair, they decided to simply do a per stirpes. This way no one would be offended, and everyone got an equal share. ”