An increase in the number of outstanding shares of a company's stock, such that proportionate equity of each shareholder remains the same. This requires approval from the board of directors and shareholders. A corporation whose stock is performing well may choose to split its shares, distributing additional shares to existing shareholders. The most common split is two-for-one, in which each share becomes two shares. The price per share immediately adjusts to reflect the split, since buyers and sellers of the stock all know about the split (in this example, the share price would be cut in half).
Some companies decide to split their stock if the price of the stock rises significantly and is perceived to be too expensive for small investors to afford. also called stock split.

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split close adjustment in conversion