capital gain

Definition

The amount by which an asset's selling price exceeds its initial purchase price. A realized capital gain is an investment that has been sold at a profit. An unrealized capital gain is an investment that hasn't been sold yet but would result in a profit if sold. Capital gain is often used to mean realized capital gain. For most investments sold at a profit, including mutual funds, bonds, options, collectibles, homes, and businesses, the IRS is owed money called capital gains tax. opposite of capital loss.

Use capital gain in a sentence

Jimmy bought his house 5 years ago for $10,000 and he sold the house today for $30,000, so his capital gain was $20,000.

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I wondered how much capital gain there would be and then I wondered what else we had to think about to be successful.

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I was able to receive a capital gain once I sold my stock shares that I originally purchased for $2,000 at a higher price of $5,000.

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capital gains reserve total shareholder return