Business Terms and Definitions

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8(a) firm
acquirer
activist investor
adjustment index
administrative cost
administrative expenses
advertising
advertorial
affiliated chains
affiliated wholesalers
afford
agency problem
agreement
all channel sales
all in
allocation of resources
antique
appropriation request
area of dominant influence (ADI)
assembly plant
association
Association of Latino Professionals in Finance and Accounting (ALPFA)
attention line
attrition
automation
average cost pricing rule
avgas
B2B
B2C
Baby Bells
backgrounder
backlog
bait and switch
bargaining unit
base pay rate
base stock
basic IRR rule
BCG growth share matrix
beauty parade
benefit cost ratio (BCR)
Berkshire Hathaway
black swan
block voting
blue-collar
Board of Trustees
boardroom
bootstrap
box
brand
breakout session
Brent Crude oil
Brexit
bricks and mortar
brownfield investment
buffer stock
bullwhip effect
bundling
business
business activity
business activity code
business activity statement (BAS)
business alliance
business day
business entity concept
business environment
business ethics
business impact analysis (BIA)
business intelligence (BI)
business model
business personal property
business plan
business process outsourcing
business record
business segment report
business transaction
business-to-business
business-to-consumer
buy-sell agreement
buying economies of scale
C Corporation
call barring
camouflage compensation
canned program
capital allocation decision
capital cost
capital goods
capital intensity
capital project
Carl Icahn
cartel
cash cow
cash discount
Cash on Delivery
cash wages
cause and effect analysis
celebrity advertising
cellular manufacturing
CEO
CEO/CFO Certification
certificate of analysis
certificate of good standing
CFO
Chairman of the Board
chairman's report
channel check
channel stuffing
charged
Charlie Munger
charter
charter service
Chartered Business Valuator (CBV)
chemical oxygen demand (COD)
Chicago PMI
Chief Investment Officer (CIO)
Chief Operating Officer
Chief Security Officer (CSO)
churn rate
claim dilution
Clayton Act
closed promotion
closed union
CNBC
co-op mailing
co-sourcing
coastal trade
COD
collectible
collective bargaining
commerce
commerce integration
commercial
commercial invoice
commercially domiciled
company
company director
comparison shopping
compensating differential
compensation
compensation package
compensatory trade
competitive advantage
competitive bidding
competitive intelligence
competitive price
completion undertaking
complimentary
conceptual skills
concession agreement
Conference Board, The
confidence level
confidential treatment application
conglomerate
consent solicitation
consignment note
consolidated invoice
consolidation phase
consortium
consumer buying behavior
consumer goods
consumer goods marketing
consumer services marketing
consumption
contagion effects
contingent
contingent voting power
continuous inventory
contractor
control premium
convenience sampling
core business
core capabilities
core competencies
corporate
corporate charter
corporate image
corporate officers
corporate policy
corporate strategy
corporate transparency
corporation
cost analysis
cost center
cost control
cost driver
cost estimate
cost method
cost per gross addition (CPGA)
cost saving
cottage industry
coverage ratio
credit management
critical mass
CRM
cross-border trade
cross-selling
crowd funding
customer analysis
data analysis
DBA
de jure corporation
deducted
deferred billing
defunct
delayed settlement processing
delivery notice
Department of Commerce
development stage enterprise
differentiation strategy
dilute
dilutive acquisition
diminishing marginal product
direct cost
direct labor cost
direct marketing
direct material cost
disciplinary layoff
disclosable event
discounted future benefits
diseconomies of scale
distress sale
distribution cost
distribution network
distributor
diversified holding company
divest
divestiture
dot-com
Dow Jones & Company
downsizing
driver
driving forces
drop shipping
dumping
durable goods
e-commerce
earnest money
economic base
economic moat
economy of scale
economy of scope
edict
electronic commerce
elevator pitch
emotional appeal
emotional intelligence (EI)
employee
ensure
enterprise
Enterprise Resource Planning
entrepreneurship
entry barrier
equity capital market (ECM)
equity placements
erosion
ERP
estimator
Europe, Middle East and Africa (EMEA)
EV/EBITDA
evaluation criteria
exchange of assets
exclusive agency agreement
execute
executive director
exempt employee
Exon-Florio provision
expected value
expensive
expiration
expire
export management company
external environment
fact book
factor return
factor's lien
factory
fail-safe
Fair Credit Billing Act
fair price
feasible
federal register
fee
fee-based financial planning
fill rate
financial performance
financial portal
financial public relations
financial regulation
financial services
finder's fee
finished goods
firm
firm price
first-mover advantage
fixed budget
fixed price contract
flat rate
flat scale
flier
FOB
foreign invested enterprise (FIE)
forfeiter
forfeiting
forward buy
forward integration
franchise
franchised monopoly
Free On Board
frequency
fringe benefits
front money
front office
frozen pension
fulfillment
functional
fundamentals
gap analysis
general and administrative expense
general and administrative overhead
general order
general partner
general partnership
geographic risk
goal
going concern
going-concern value
golden handcuffs
golden handshake
good faith deposit
goods
government enterprise
grant
grantee
gratis
gratuity
green field investment
gross capitalized cost
growth rate
haggle
hard goods
Hawley-Smoot Tariff Act
heavy industry
heterogeneous
home office expense
homogeneous
horizontal market
human capital
impact analysis
in kind
in lieu of
in perpetuity
in the black
in the penalty box
in the red
in-kind income
incentive
incentive scheme
inception
inchoate
income stream
incorporation
increasing returns to scale
incremental
incremental cost
independent contractor
indirect cost
inducement
industrial
industrial espionage
industrial goods
inert
inherent
innovation
institution
institution or institutional investor
institutional ownership
intellectual property
inter-corporate dividends
interim
interlocking directorates
intermediary
internal growth rate
internal stakeholders
International Association of Financial Engineers (IAFE)
interstate commerce
intracompany
intrastate commerce
inventory carrying cost
inventory cost
inventory turnover
investability quotient (IQ)
investing
investment
investor awareness
just-in-time
kickback
labor
labor cost
labor relations
labor turnover
labor-intensive
launch
launder
layoff
lead regulator
lead time
leakage
leave-sharing plan
legal monopoly
lemon
letter of intent
level playing field
leverage clientele
life cycle
limit
line
liquidation rights
list price
logistics
long term planning
loss leader
loss prevention
loyalty program
lucrative
luxury
macro
maker
management
manifesto
manufacturing cost
margin creep
marginal cost
marginal revenue
marginal utility
market capital
market development index
market driven
market follower
market internalization advantages
market research
market screening
market segmentation
market share
market skimming pricing
marketing
marketing lever
mass customization
mass market
mass production
materials management
maven
McCarran-Ferguson Act of 1945
media buy
media kit
mega cap

mercantile
merchandise
merchant
metrics
micro
middle-market company
middleman
milestone
mini perm
minimum acceptable rate of return
minimum wage
minutes
mitigate
MLM
modus operandi
mogul
monopolistic competition
monopoly
monopsony
MSRP
Multi-Level Marketing
mutual agency
mutual organization
natural monopoly
near term
neglected firm effect
negligible
net pay
news ticker
news wire
NM
no adjournment
nominated advisor (NOMAD)
non-cash fringe benefit
non-profit organization
non-recurring cost
nonaccountable plan
nonpublic information
not-for-profit organization
notice of meeting
occupation
occupational hazard
OEM
of record
oligopoly
oligopsony
omit
on balance
on demand
on order
on spec
onshore company
open ended
open shop
operating
operating expense
operating in the red
operation
operational budget
operational risk
opportunity cost
opportunity risk
opportunity score
opt
opt out vote
optimum capacity
org chart
organization
organizational chart
organized labor
original equipment manufacturer
outperform
outside director
outsourcing
paper trail
parent company
partition
partner
partnership
pawn
payment in kind
payment terms
penetration pricing
per
per diem
per se
percentage
percentage of sales method
performance
performance measure
performance related pay
period
periodic inventory method
periodic report
perk
permission marketing
perpetual
perpetual inventory
perpetual inventory method
perpetuity
perquisite
phantom option plan
pink slip
placed-in-service date
plus
point of sale
Pokemon
position power
positioning
power
precedence
predatory pricing
preempt
premise
premises
prepackaged bankruptcy
President
price discovery
price efficiency
price fixing
price leadership
price maker
price rigging
price skimming
price support
price taker
primary sector
private
private corporation
private limited company
privately held corporation
privilege
pro rata
procure
producer
product
product life cycle
product life cycle pricing
product line
productive
profession
profile
profit center
profit maximization
profit motive
profiteer
profiting
project
project appraisal
promotion
proof of concept
proposal
prorate
prospect
proximo
public domain
public employee
public limited company (PLC)
public record
public relations
public utility
publicity
purchase order
purchase outright
purchaser
purchasing
purchasing power
pure competition
pure monopoly
pure play
purvey
purview
qualified lead
quality
quality assurance
quality control
quality cost
quality cost report
quantitative risk assessment
quasi-public corporation
quota
R&D
raincheck
rainmaker
raise
ramp up
rate
rate card
raw materials
reach
real time processing
rebate
recall
reckoning
red flag
registration approval
relocate
remuneration of directors
rental
reorganization
repay
repudiate
repurchase
Request For Proposal
requisition
research and development
reseller
reservation
residual
residual risk
resolution
resource
resource allocation
restructure
restructuring
result
resume
retail
retail price
retainer
retroactive
Reuters
revert
RFP
risk assessment
risk mitigation
Robber Barons
rollercoaster swap
rollout
rough order of magnitude (ROM)
running cost
Russell 2500 Index
Russell 3000 Growth Index
Russell Midcap Index
safe
salable
salary
salary freeze
sale
sales force
sales forecast
sample
satellite operation
saturation
SBA
SBIC
scalability
scenario
screening
secondary industry
secondary research
segment
Self-Regulatory Organization
seller liability
service contract
service mark
severance costs
severance pay
shareholder activist
shareholder meeting
shareholder register
shareholder services agent
shelf life
shelf velocity
shell
shelve
shop
short-term objectives
shutdown
situation analysis
Small Business Administration
Small Business Investment Company
small firm effect
social responsibility
sold
sole proprietor
sole proprietorship
source
SPE
special purpose entity
specialization
spinoff
sponsorship
SRO
stability
stakeholder
standalone risk
standard
standard cost
standard costing
standardization
standards
standing order
startup costs
step down
step variable costs
stickiness
stock bonus plan
stock incentive plan
stock position
stockout
stockpile
storage
store
strategic business unit (SBU)
strategic planning
streetable
strike
structure
subcontractor
sublimit
subsistence allowance
substantial gainful activity (SFA)
sunrise industry
sunset industry
supercede
supplier
supply chain
switching costs
syndication
systematic approach
tactics
Taft-Hartley Act of 1947
take a flier
take-home pay
take-or-pay contract
target cash balance
target leverage ratio
target payout ratio
task force
taxable spinoff
tech stock
technical risk
technologolical forces
telemarketing
temp
tenure
termination for cause
tiger
tighten
time to market
trade association
trade credit
trade journal
trade name
trade secret
trade show
trade-in allowance
trademark
transfer pricing
treasurer
trial offer
troubleshooting
turkey
turnkey
tycoon
type A reorganization
type B reorganization
type C reorganization
type D reorganization
type E reorganization
type F reorganization
type G reorganization
UCC
ultimatum
ultimo
ultra vires activities
unconditional probability
undercapitalization
unequivocal
UNICAP Rules
unincorporated business
union
unit cost
unleveraged program
unquoted public company
unrelated business taxable income
upfront costs
uptime
useful life
utility
valuable
valuation
value-added
variability
variable
variable committed expense
variable cost
variation
vendor
vertical market
vertical market system (VMS)
vested
viral marketing
vocation
volume discount
vouching
wage rate
wages
wages payable
Wall Street Journal
wares
Warren Buffett
weighted
weighting
whistle blower
white label product
white paper
white-collar
wholesale
wholesaler
wholly-owned subsidiary
widget
wildcat strike
win-win
window of opportunity
wire house
work order
wrinkle
year-end bonus
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